A Hernia occurs when the contents of a body cavity protrude out of the membrane during which they’re normally contained through a weak part during a surrounding muscle or connective tissue . Hernias by themselves may or might not produce symptoms as they’re asymptomatic and may cause slight to severe pain. A hernia doesn’t recover with time, nor will it get away by itself (except very small congenital navel hernia).
Lap Hernia Surgery – Types of surgery
What is Inguinal hernias?
Inguinal hernias are the foremost common sorts of male hernias, that are located within the lower abdomen and thigh going towards the scrotum, as a bulge within the groin. they’re more common in men than women. Inguinal hernias usually occur when fatty tissue or a part of a bowel bulge out through a part of the lower abdominal wall known as inguinal canal.
What is Femoral hernias?
Femoral hernias also occur within the groin region slightly below the groin crease. They occur because of weakness within the lower groin region usually as a result of pregnancy and childbirth. they’re therefore more common in women than men. they’re more susceptible to complications and hence should be repaired once they’re diagnosed.
What is Umbilical hernia?
An umbilical hernia occurs when a part of the intestine protrudes through the umbilical opening within the abdominal muscles. These hernias may occur in infants at or just after birth and may resolve by three or four years of age. However, the area of weakness can persist throughout life and may occur in men, women, and youngsters at any time. In adults, umbilical hernias won’t resolve and can progressively worsen over time. they’re sometimes caused by abdominal pressure because of being overweight, excessive coughing, or pregnancy.
What is Ventral hernia?
Ventral hernia surfaces on any part of the ventral surface of the physical body . It leads to a bulge or tear within the ventral surface that develops sort of a ballon-like sac.
There are three common sorts of ventral hernias.
- a) An Incisional Hernia happens through a previously made incision within the wall , i.e. the scar left from a previous surgery
- b) A Paraumbilical hernia occurs round the belly button.
- c) An epigastric hernia occurs above the belly button.
What are the Pre-Surgery Instruction and Post Surgery Instructions for Inguinal hernias,Femoral hernias,Umbilical hernia,Ventral hernia?
Pre surgery instructions:
- Some vital tests are required before surgery.
- Follow your surgeon instructions for any prescribed medications.
- Avoid certain medications like aspirin for minimum 5 days before the surgery.
- Avoid alcohol and tobacco for few days before surgery.
- One day before surgery the patient isn’t allowed to require anything orally except medicines, after midnight.
Post surgery instructions:
- The patient is kept under observation for 2-4 hours and then shifted to the allotted room.
- Patient is allowed to sip oral liquids on same day of surgery, and may have meals from subsequent day morning.
- The patient is allowed to maneuver and use the restroom on his own on same day of the surgery.
- Generally the patient is discharged on an equivalent or on subsequent day of the surgery.
- The dressings are removed during the primary follow up visit which occurs within 2-5 days.
- The patient is instructed to carefully follow the diet instructions as provided by doctor.
- Medication chart is provided to the patient to make sure proper compliance of prescribed medications
- Regular follow up is suggested .